Headaches can range from being mildly irritating to intensely crippling, some headaches can be a sign of a more serious condition, such as carbon monoxide poisoning, sleep apnoea, but can be triggered by hormones.
However, primary headaches - which aren’t symptoms of an underlying disease, are caused by overactivity of or problems with pain-sensitive structures in your head.
Dr. Seth Rankin, GP at the London Doctors Clinic in the UK said: “There are specific triggers to avoid and also a number of effective treatments which we can help you with. A headache, on the other hand, is a pain you feel inside your head.
“But by far the commonest headache we humans suffer from is called a tension headache. Over half, the adult population gets one or two a month and some poor unfortunates get much more,” Rankin said.
Dr. Seth Rankin has outlined the seven most common reasons for tension headaches.
“Not drinking enough water will very often give people headaches,” Dr. Rankin explained.
“The first thing you should always do when you feel a headache coming on has a good long drink of water.
“It very often fixes it. As everyone who has ever had a hangover knows, drinking alcohol causes headaches - not right away of course. It may feel great right away but it causes dehydration a few hours later thus the hangover headache.”
Squinting can cause headaches and glare can cause people to squint.
Dr. Rankin said: “Wearing sunglasses can help but can get you some very weird looks in a boardroom. Just try to avoid looking into bright lights where possible and give yourself a break from that computer, tablet or smart phone.”
When people become dehydrated, the brain tissue loses water and can cause the brain to shrink and pull away from the skull, which triggers pain receptors surrounding the brain.
“No surprises here,” said Dr. Rankin. “Not enough sleep causes headaches as well as grumpiness and all the other problems that come with it – like obesity, increased rates of heart attacks and lots of other nasties.”
Dr. Rankin said relaxing will also help to ease tension headaches.
“Noise will give you a headache – as no doubt reiterated by parents ever since Adam, Eve and their myriad children.
“Try to avoid it. If at all possible wear ear plugs when around loud noise," Dr. Rankin said.
Dr. Rankin said people who sit, lie or don’t exercise will get headaches.
“Get off the sofa, push back from your desk, get out of bed; and do some exercise. It will transform your life in about ten different ways – an important one being fewer headaches.”
Bad posture gives you headaches because it causes tension in your upper back, neck and shoulders, which can lead to a headache. Dr. Rankin said: “That teacher who kept telling you to sit up straight was right all along.”
Not eating can cause headaches. This is not an excuse to eat Haagen Dazs and doughnuts, but if you leave it too long since your last meal it can be a trigger.
Dr Rankin said: “Processed carbohydrates and sugars can cause a quick drop in blood sugar not long after eating which can make headaches more likely but generally; eat a little and a bit more often if you’re getting headaches – particularly breakfast.